CHAPTER 3 - METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH
METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH
This chapter presents the description of the research method to be used, a description of the respondents, the instruments to be used, the procedures and statistical treatment utilized in analyzing the data that will be gathered.
This study will use the descriptive-normative-survey approach. The descriptive method involves the description, recording, analysis and interpretation of the prevailing conditions and the present nature of a certain group. It will include the following processes: induction, analysis, classification, enumeration, measurement and assessment of the data. Survey refers to the gathering of data regarding current conditions. Normative is used to ascertain the normal or typical condition. The survey will try to ascertain the effectiveness of the customer service offered by the website of a popular wireless cellular phone company. Furthermore, the researcher will query the following respondents: the criminal investigators, who will be the major recipients of this study, on the current state and the major problems associated with the present system of archiving and retrieval of warrants of arrest.
The procedure will include the general principles of gathering data and used published sources of statistics; sampling questionnaires; interviews; and content analysis of documentary and verbal material. The researcher will present the current state of archiving and retrieval of warrants of arrest in the PNP.
Method Of Data Collection
The primary source of the data will come from a researcher-made questionnaire which will be given to the respondents. The survey will assess the current state of the archiving and retrieval system of warrants of arrest. The survey will ask the respondents on the current state of the system and the problems and difficulties they meet. The questionnaire would solicit information from the criminal investigators of the PNP.
The secondary sources of data will come from brochures and product information from companies that can set up the digitalization of the system. Moreover, studies and literature on digitalization of archiving and retrieval systems will help in giving ideas to the researcher.
Sampling Design And Respondents
The general population for this study will be the criminal investigators of the PNP. .
In determining the sample size of PNP criminal investigators, the Sloven’s formula shall be used:
n = N
1 + Ne2
n – is the size of the sample
N – is the size of the population, and
e – is the margin of error.
Statistical Treatment Of Data
After the questionnaires will be answered, the profile of the respondents will be taken, according to age, gender, educational background, civil status, and years of service in the PNP. To be able to get a description of the profile of the responents, the data coming from each item mentioned above will be placed in tabular form with the indicated percentage as well as the frequency. This will show the predominant characteristics of a criminal investigator in the PNP.
The formulae that will be used in this study are:
1. Sloven’s Formula – to determine the sample population. The margin of error is 5%
2. Percentage – to determine the magnitude of the responses to the questionnaire.
% = -------- x 100 ; n – number of responses
N N – total number of respondents
3. Weighted Mean
f1x1 + f2x2 + f3x3 + f4x4 + f5x5
x = --------------------------------------------- ;
where: f – weight given to each response
x – number of responses
xt – total number of responses
The weighted mean scores for each item in the questionnaire will be determined.
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