The Changing Role of HRM; the impact of Technology
Category : Human Resource Management Essays
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The Changing Role of HRM: The Impact of Technology
What had come to be practiced until today was the human relations movement spearheaded by . Attention was given to the individuals within the organizations and what they can contribute to the growth. Human relations movement then aimed at a managerial approach to address the spillover effects of Taylorism and Fordism. Thus, human resource departments were added to organizations and this urgently called for those who are capable to administer, direct or likewise manage. Since then, HRM had been a robust, ambiguous organizational concept or just had been a mere managerial ideology. The articulation of HRM as a ‘managerial’ theory from a strategic perspective has three central themes which are: a) the strategic business management of the human asset through an effective HR manager; b) the ‘whys’ and ‘hows’ of an effective HR manager; and c) an effective HR manager as an integrative key for a competitive advantage.
Workforce issues are inevitable. Attention to HR issues, in particular, had increased which mainly concerns the corporate strategies. Most issues regarded as policy failures and power structures within the organization. The competency of human resource management (HRM) depicts the competency of the organization as a whole must be considered. Hence, the roles must be clearly defined and no amount of power intervention must alter the capabilities of HRM. HRM often faced with ethics challenges as well. Other frameworks that challenge organizations and HRM are the internal and external changes be it in market trends, demographic, currency, foreign direct and technology. Among these, technological changes have had the most staggering effects on HRM.
As technology grew larger and reached almost every corner of the world, most of these HRM functions can be and will be outsourced. The HRM’s role will be diminished. But since HRM possess knowledge of human performance, only the most competitive and effective HRM functions will be retained. As an emerged key competitive asset, HRM must meet future competitive advantages; so, they must keep pace with increasing shift in focus of organizations from manual to technological operation. In this study, how technology impacts the changing role of HRM will be investigated.
Aims and Objectives
The main aim of this study is to explore to what extent and in what specific ways technology impacts the changing roles of HRM. Technology is said to influence virtually all industries and sectors directly and indirectly, and HRM is not an exemption. Instead, HRM is one of the functions within an organisation that is more influenced by HRM due to the fact that it changes the very nature of the work, the roles HRM staff undertake and the interactions through which the work gets done. In lieu with this, the study will address the following research objectives.
- Explore how technology changes the activities inherent to HRM function
- Determine what roles are eliminated and new roles emerge
The research strategy that the study will utilize is the descriptive method. A descriptive research intends to present facts concerning the nature and status of a situation, as it exists at the time of the study. It is also concerned with relationships and practices that exist, beliefs and processes that are ongoing, effects that are being felt, or trends that are developing. In addition, such approach tries to describe present conditions, events or systems based on the impressions or reactions of the respondents of the research.
In this study, primary and secondary research will be both incorporated. The reason for this is to be able to provide adequate discussion for the readers that will help them understand more about the issue and the different variables that involve with it. The primary data for the study will be represented by the survey results that will be acquired from the respondents. On the other hand, the literature reviews to be presented in the second chapter of the study will represent the secondary data of the study. The secondary sources of data will come from published articles from contents of books, journals, theses and related studies and newspaper and magasines.
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