PROPOSAL ON WASTE MANAGEMENT
Waste Management of Small-Medium Sized Enterprises in Ports in Nigeria
Waste management is a serious issue because it concerns many stakeholders, most importantly the community and the environment. One of the most crucial locations for waste management is on ports. Key activities such as the handling, transportation and storage of oil, noxious liquids, harmful substances, sewage, garbage and litter, ballast water, and contaminated dredged material may increase the risks of spillage, leakage, and illegal operations, and may have a potential impact on water (surface and ground), soil, air, habitats and humans. For instance, marine litters may result in ecological impacts such as: entanglement; ingestion; smothering; disturbance and removal of habitat through beach cleaning activities; transport of invasive species; and poisoning by breakdown products. The bottom line is that the failure of ports to handle its wastes effectively may result in the degradation of the marine environment, the very environment where key port activities are operated. The failure to handle wastes effectively may also endanger the health of communities nearby as wastes can result in many kinds of diseases. As Lantos expressed, corporations or organizations should have economic, ethical and legal responsibilities to the public at large (, 2001). Waste management is part of the ethical responsibility of every company. However, while corporations can afford expensive waste management strategies, what about small to medium sized enterprises?
In terms of financing resources, it seems that small firms are on the disadvantage. (2004) reported that smaller firms finance a lower proportion of their investment externally, particularly because they make use of bank finance to lesser extent. Compared to large firms, SME firms use significantly more informal finance. Furthermore, small firms do not use disproportionately more leasing or trade finance compared to larger firms. Small firms also finance their investment significantly less from government sources or development banks despite the fact that such programs are often politically justified as increasing financing for small firms (, 2004). Nigeria requires both small firms and large firms to practice sufficient waste management on ports, as legalized on laws such as: The Federal Environmental Protection Decree 58 of 1988, as amended by Decree 59 of 1992 and 1999; and the The Harmful Waste Decree of 1988 (, 1997). With these regulations on a developing country such as Nigeria, can SME port companies in the country abide?
The following research questions will be explored in the study:
Ø What are the waste management strategies that SMEs operating within Nigeria port implements?
Ø Are the waste strategy they implement budget and human resource dependent?
Ø How much does the waste management strategies of SMEs in Nigeria port costs?
Research Aims and Objectives
The main aim of this study is to explore the waste management strategies of SME firms in Nigeria Port in Apapa. Specifically, it will explore the following objectives:
Ø Conduct survey, interview and observation on SME companies in Apapa port in Nigeria.
Ø Identify the cost of waste management of the companies and how it affects their operation as a whole.
Ø To identify if waste management is expensive in their own perspective.
Significance of the Study
The study is significant to the current management practice of SMEs because it will identify how SME companies in ports of a developing country such as Nigeria manage resources to make up for their waste management strategy.
The study will sample 50 SME companies from Apapa port in Nigeria. The sample will be stratified-random sampling. The survey strategy will be used for data collection. A structured questionnaire will be constructed for the survey and will be distributed to the respondents through email. Participation of the respondents will be treated with utmost confidentiality. Data will be analyzed using the latest SPSS software. The analysis will look for the percentage and weighted mean of responses on each items.
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