Business Information Systems (BIS) Examination
Category : Final Exam Paper
What is the Internet?
The Internet can be a system of networks that have the capability to connect and link certain computers to other computers that in aw way share such TCP/IP protocol as it also run a sort of a software that provides and serves information as well as the accessing and viewing of information by the end-users of possible documents that is found through internet surfing and researching. Thus, the internet allows individual person to sent emails, create on-line accounts even to sell and buy things on line like for example, through entering to the ebay website. Also, the internet serves as an important transportation vehicle like for instance, certain stored information stored in files for a network channels in several computers and be compared to international process interaction that integrates the utility servicing technology ways found in computers as the internet can relate to a certain plumbing arrangement as linked and connected through the correct usage of possible Internet services respectively.
What is the World Wide Web?
The Worldwide Web or WWW amicably have the power and influence to incorporate certain Internet services as the individual have the ability to retrieve papers as well as observe images also listen to music sounds as well as the viewing of programs that jog on virtually in terms of providing the computer hardware and software to do something using the WWW in clicking websites and locating search engines if needed like when logging in Internet by means of using web browser, a person can view files because of the Worldwide Web within the main basis on which WWW function through the use of language in a form of HTML as the HTML makes and comprises such probable hypertext that has the capacity in having web pages that will contain such links through the button of the mouse button and start retrieving files and documents into the computer as the clicking process through the use of certain hypertext links can be the crucial feature exclusive and radical regarding Worldwide Web.
The difference between internet and the worldwide web
As of today’s timeframe, almost every people uses the Internet and World Wide Web as the latter implies separate process but related to one another. The Internet composes of systems within networks in respect to the process of a network infrastructure as the internet links to thousands of computer apparatus connected global and the forming of channels as the computer can communicate with other computer as long as connected by Internet as the data travels within the internet and do the language protocol systems. While, the Worldwide Web involve the manner of evaluating as well as accessing the use of information through the medium found in the Internet providing the information distribution replica build on peak of the Internet as there uses the HTTP protocol within the language spoken in Internet for the transmission of data and the web services in using the HTTP in allowing possible applications for communication and the exchanging of logic business logic in using the Web for the understanding and sharing of important details and information. Moreover, the Worldwide Web has the power to utilize certain browsers like for example, Internet Explorer and the Netscape Communicator in providing fair access to such web pages of a company or organization as sorted out by the end users as linked and connected through the functioning of better hyperlinks.
Generally, the Web just integrate ways that reflects that possible needed information will gradually be disseminated within the use of Internet processes and from there the internet is amicably used for mailing that rely on SMTP as well as the Usenet group also through involving the use of instant messaging and FTP and the WWW is basically just a piece within the Internet but has albeit a great part respectively.
What the benefits of each are and how they can reduce costs for businesses
The benefits of internet in business is that it can provide easy and comfortable access to their company profiles, corporate governance, annual reports as well as the complete list and description of products and services that certain customers will do in a more advanced way. The internet can provide such company to the management to employees to customers interaction online like for example if not al key players are in one place so, they are free to use internet services and providers for faster communication with important people involved in the business also, some customers can submit online queries of something through sending it in terms of company mailbox and emails and from there the company can also respond in the same manner of communication.
Thus, WWW have the chances to offer such survey researches on-line about such business concerns, issues and challenges in dependable resources for automating collection of data and information in surveys as well as the offering of valuable opportunity including the checking of such user’s data as being entered and the required notion to print and hand out questionnaires in transcribing web surveys as the web will be able to present certain survey researchers having the unparalleled opportunity to examine groups of people with questionnaires tailored to the investigation of both broad and narrow topic domains as the world is facing electronic upheavals and changes that affect the way individuals communicate in lieu of transforming such value chain amidst some manufacturers and retailers to the loyal consumers. The increasing numbers of companies that offer Internet access are providing consumers with convenient, inexpensive way to become members of the Internet community. The development of better navigation software and search engines are making Internet visits a more pleasant and exciting experience. The increase of quantity and quality of available information on the Internet and the presence of well-known corporations and brands on the Internet is generating higher interest among business consumers.
What the organizational levels of an organization are
There can be five levels of organization as follows:
Code-level include biological correspondence is neural level.
Modality-level involve subsystems that derive their adaptive complexity from genetic specification or from genetic specification of an initial tiling pattern and a self-wiring algorithm and from exposure to invariant environmental complexity.
Concept-level emphasizing cognitive objects that is placed in long stance storage, and reused as the building blocks of thoughts. The generalization for the level of organization is learned complexity: cognitive content which is derived from the environment and placed in long-term storage, and which thereby becomes part of the permanent reservoir of complexity which there is challenges as applied to learned complexity that resembles declarative beliefs and episodic memories.
Thought-level as identify specific structure of combinatorial symbols which builds or alters mental imagery. The generalizable property of thoughts is their immediacy. Thoughts make up the life history of a non-recurrent mind in a non-recurrent universe.
Deliberation has the ability to describe activities carried out by patterns of thoughts with complexity specific to layer as the patterns of thoughts that diagram and plan, change theoretical high-level goal pattern into precise low-level objective pattern that reason from existing knowledge to prediction about unidentified variable of unsolved comments to discover hypothesis about probable causes.
What type of decisions and activities take place at each level
As the code stage is compose of function, information types, data structure, data repositories as the programmatic challenge of generating Artificial Intelligence tangled with computer programming because of attempt to overcompress the levels of organization and realize thought sequence under the modality level from the challenge to blindly copy the individual illustration modality with no considering the function of modality in intelligence and to contribute to universal intelligence apart from mishap as it can be subject to collection pressure and development of multifaceted practical version as pertinent at each stage for the materialization of leading levels of organization within the decision to be always in focus of the organization and be aware of the positive and negative alterations from within the process of handling out strategically driven decisions to achieve success and growth for the business as a whole sanction.
What types of Information Systems use
The implementation of sequence technology in organizations is growing in fast pace as information system involves compilation of hardware as well as software, and data and people and procedures intended to produce information that supports the behavior of users in organization. The office information system (OIS) uses certain hardware as well as networks in order to improve work run and assist interactions amid employees as they execute tasks by electronic means through the use of computers and some electronic devices like for instance, in registration department, there may post group schedule on Internet and e-mail the students as to when the timetable is efficient. The office information system wires business activities like create and distribute of graphics, sending communication, preparation and accounting from the administrative management to nonmanagement employees that will make use of features of OIS such as word dispensation as well as spreadsheets and database presentation, through web browsers and web page authoring and groupware.
There is also a transaction processing system (TPS) that capture and process data created during an organization’s daily transactions. such as making a deposit and or payment as the staff perform the activities connected with transaction processing and recording business action such as customer’s order, the employee’s timecard and or client’s payment as well as the issuing of receipt to a client as TPS were first computerized systems developed to develop business data processing as TPS is computerized in terms of existing manual scheme to permit for quicken processing and enhanced customer service as the computers’ ability of performing calculation and data comparison could make significant information for organization. The organization information systems often are incorporated with transaction processing systems for example, the TPS records the auction, update customer’s report balance and makes inference from account and focus on producing information as the users need to carry out jobs. As today’s stylish software and infrastructure technologies, it can be difficult to categorize a scheme that chains transaction processing and generate administration order and as an outcome, business will be likely to have one or two information systems that is operating within similar occasion.
What Public Infrastructure is
The public infrastructure as to whether it is tangible and or intangible affects supplies of factors of production and the efficiency in use of business
Ø Tangible which involves transportation, teaching, physical condition
Ø Tangible infrastructure has the effect on feature provisions and competence like a road system and also generate rent as well as rent seeking
Ø Intangible that refers to such levy and lawful system as well as preparation and rigid systems
Ø Intangible infrastructure have indirect consequence on functioning within global markets like for instance, certain types of market will work better and other work less
In specific process, such public infrastructures can be the subject to obstruction like if, it is an impure public good but a tangible infrastructure is naturally accountable to overcrowding.
Why businesses build websites and how that relates to their overall strategic plan
Most of today’s business companies build websites because it can provide them a quick review of the business status in terms of integrating its cycles for a daily basis, weekly, monthly or yearly. The business uses websites as a means of promotion and advertising tactics that can be updated by recent data and information for the purpose of notifying loyal and prospected clients and customers for the business promos and other special offerings, websites are effective and crucial for the success of the business because it can serve as a tool for better operations management as well as product distribution and delivery in a form of quick access to changes in databases and files and that websites provides the fastest way to relate to customers in giving them latest news, latest product designs and models, or upcoming launching of product features and new services being offered and that a business should have the guts to level up competition and possibly be open to technology innovation in creating and building websites that are easy of access and user compatible. Websites usage relates to the overall strategic plan of business in a way that, these will provide more customer value in terms of providing services to the customers the easiest way there is. Aside, websites are used also for the purpose of producing press releases of such issues and concerns that the company feels the people involved should know and have the ideas about what is going on.
What the difference between Information, Data and Knowledge is
The difference between information, data and knowledge is somewhat precise as such tacit and explicit knowledge could not be the same as information and data in respect to its functionality process and ways like, the act of inscription and creating one’s information available to other as an act of knowledge and transformation of the nature of data and the focusing on handling of data as well as information and believing that knowledge is a crucial asset to manage as well as in wisdom application as to how data, information and knowledge provide ample application of human facts in the context of organizations in order to attain preferred outcomes that will depend on person perspective. The information can be an organised data that will endow along certain significance and reason in order to clarify differences among knowledge that will indicate some useful prospective for better action and justifiable process of decision.
What the difference between the Internet an Intranet and an Extranet is
The word intranet can be misleading theoretically as it invites difference to the word Internet as the Worldwide Web implies a crucial distinction as the internet focus on corporeal and scientific networks but the WWW centers on certain set contents that can be available on public transportation while there is vagueness in intranet as apparent that lacks improved option as the intranet integrates the infrastructure basing the Internet principles and technology supporting the content sharing in a partial but distinct group. Thus, the presence of the intranet and extranet also, the web could be applied in compilation of content as the intranet comprised of sets of content that is within one organization while, the extranet involve sets of shared contents through defined group that has crossed certain boundary of enterprises as the web-based used similar infrastructure despite of access decision as it can be easy to modify access in a specified way as compared to old world as there is often entail huge changes endeavors even if sequential process move across communal Internet transportation.
What the difference between Process management, Enterprise Management, and application Management is
The process management ensemble planned activities as well as monitoring performance of such process within business along with application of knowledge, skill and systems with the goal to meet customer requirements profitably. As in computer studies, the process can be the application of better execution like when, the process is the use of CPU then it is running and doing work until it is complete in order for other process will run. The Strategic Enterprise Management involves management technique and the computer software crrated to guide businesses in strategic decisions as the enterprise management will incorporate strategic information system in order to control the flow of information to provide useful strategic decision ways.
Know and understand Moore’s Law and Metcalfe’s law. Understand and be able to describe what multidimensional reporting is
The multi-dimensional reporting acquires extraneous understanding of computer concepts and avenues for execution as there argues that transistor complexity can be less in large RAM cache arrays than in execution units and from the perspective as there is such validity within certain formulation of Moore's Law as it can be in question like in speaking of semiconductor sector roadmap that is use for microprocessors while multidimensiomal reporting in respect to Metcalfe's law could involve the value within the telecommunication networking that can be proportional within how many users are involved in the process of the system within networking impacts of communication technology like for example, Internet as well as the Web and implies as to whether certain innovation solutions can enter the market that has the need to use diverse interfaces for a multidimensional reporting process and its implementation.
The difference between supply chain, value chain, distribution chain and marketing chain
The supply chain involves the functional approach in managing movements of materials in organization and process of finished goods out of the organization towards the final consumers and the focusing on such competencies to be more flexible in performing activities better as there was inter-organizational supply network acknowledged as innovative form reflecting the organization as the company in supply network integrates inputs and outputs within processes, as it functions to the communication ways in terms of electronic data process and Internet connections in order to transfer the needed requirement faster in determining services and material within suppliers. The value chain involves the generic value activity of the organization like in logistics, operation as well as service as powerful analysis tool in investigating strategic creation as well as planning upon cost minimizing. For instance, the manufacturer has require its parts suppliers located such assemblies with the value of minimize costs amomg distribution and marketing chains through the exploitation of upstream as well as downstream knowledge that flows from within the chain value as firms can try in bypassing certain intermediaries of prodicing fresh models to foster marketing business chains and the useful improvement of value process systems.
What the common main functional areas of most businesses are
The functional areas of businesses can be reflected in a way that organisations is structured in diverse ways from fix structures with position as well as established chain of communication to lively structure as people fit in to teams that are repeatedly being shaped and transformed for the duration of a project by means of dividing organisations up into groups by product the grouping community as to the products make and by a process that is grouping people in process carried out. Another method of organizing organisations is matrix system as employee can be more structures as this permit substantial flexibility since the employees shift to other team within general matrix structure as the employee has huge distance of management.
What the difference between LAN, MAN, WAN and GAN
A local area network computer network covering geographic area as home, office or building and has its own computing power and access devices on the LAN subject by permission as allowed as contrast to WANs there can be one connected to router and cable modem as well as DSL modem. Metropolitan area network (MAN) is about network interconnect users with computer resources in a geographic area or region larger than that covered by even a large local area network (LAN) but smaller than the area covered by a wide area network (WAN) as WANs are built for organization and built using less costly circuit switching in network protocols as the TCP/IP in delivering of transport functions. GANs offer novel strategies in building successful system in relation to business associations as interested in issues and achieve applicable results and supply worldwide issue within the aptitude to generate facts and deeds in varied stakeholders.
What functions a TPS performs
Thus, transaction processing systems typically used batch processing and with batch processing, transaction data is collected over a period of time and all transactions are processed as a group as computers became more powerful, system developers built online transaction processing systems (TPS) as the computer processes transactions were entered. Nowadays, certain transaction processing systems has use such online transaction processing like the calculation of salary checks as well as printing invoices as TPS functions and performs effectively through basis in batches as organizations are using consignment dispensation technique.
The forces in Porter’s model and what they describe
The five force model will involve relationship among competitor within the business, possible competitor, supplier, buyer and option solutions to the problems as addressed.
There outcomes position of analysis that describes the five forces model that will include the ff.:
Ø success possible ranking in key area
Ø inventory of planned strength and weakness
Ø explanation on tactical inconsistency
Ø printed analysis of plan
Ø realistic examination of marketing ideas
Ø in print outline of market plan
The five forces will decide the power of rivalry and profitability as well as magnetism of business industry as goals of company strategy should adapt competitive forces that improve the place of organization as the model wires analysis of driving services within the industry as it assume that some companies will try the best to attain useful competitive advantage over some players in markets and suppliers also loyal customers as the model will enable certain managers to believe about existing circumstances of industry they belong in planned, simple to recognize way for start up process for model evaluation.