Child Obesity in Sociology, Functionialism and Symbolic Interactionism Theories
Child Obesity Study
Having a child who weights more than his age looks lovable, but this figure sometimes blinded the parents about the serious problem behind their child’s figure. The obesity problems are part of the society but aside from being fat, there are other serious things that obesity is accompanied with.
Defining obesity in childhood may create confusion when planning and evaluating the programs to find solution about obesity and health promotion. The childhood obesity had reached an alarming level. The obesity problems overlapped the other issues and adolescence development concentrated more on height and health.
Obesity, for all over the world, has become an increasing problem afflicting more people today. In addition, well-known health risks associated with obesity, there are negative sociological factors that can hinder the lives of obese individuals. Using the theory of symbolic interactionism, that was originally the work of , which can fully help explore the sociological effects that obesity has on individuals.
Symbolic Interactionism is a theory that detailing about every individual as an actor who performs and interprets symbols within every interaction. This kind of theory helps the sociologists to understand the obesity issues and its negative connotations attributed to obese individuals. The individuals involve mostly children.
The interactionism is in the front of ’s dramaturgy. According to him, the dramaturgy allows an individual to view social interactions as a presentation, or an act, between two actors. Dramaturgy in symbolic interactionism requires the actors or individuals to interpret and agree about symbols during the interaction.
The agreement and interpretation is done implicitly and without consultation. Dramaturgy also provides a relevant perspective regarding stigmas in society be examining interactions in a new way. by exploring the different types and angles of interactions that obese individuals have, the sociologists can heave better understanding about the origin and continuation of stigma in society.
It is important to examine all the possible causes of obesity in order to gain a more understanding of the factors on both biological and environmental that can influence the development of this health risk. It can formulate preventive measures and treatment may be more effective.
The role of the individual and his lifestyle are important aspects of obesity. A sociological approach to obesity allows of some influences that help to explain the variation obesity development within a population. It clearly states that if obesity comes in genes, then such a dramatic increase.
In terms of functions, obese children have more possibility to suffer from asthma and tend to have worse symptoms. In addition, overweight or obese children can develop high blood pressure, and high cholesterol in adults these conditions increase the risk of heart disease.
The functionalism of an obese child can trigger or cause heart and kidney disease, blindness and loss of limbs. Children at a healthy weight are free of these weight-related diseases and less at risk of developing these diseases in adulthood. But the most immediate consequence of being overweight as perceived by children is social discrimination (being picked on and teased by other children, being seen as lazy) and low-self-esteem.
Parents should be aware and be careful about the obesity and other health risk factor that might cost their children. Also, children and adolescents must learn about the problems that the obesity might cause them soon. With an appropriate diet and proper control over the food can give the children adjust about their needs.
Junk foods and other non-nutritional foods can also contribute obesity among children and it can add worries on their parents. The responsibility of the parents does not only apply in preparing foods but also in making the food nutritious as well.
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