Critical Theory on English Literature
Critical Theory on English Literature
Research will be focusing on critical theory, certain assumptions and applications of the theory towards understanding several tenets of the English Literature What is meant by critical theory as known and applied in English Literature? Name several definitions (two main definitions of critical theory), give examples and explain each.
Discuss critical theory along with preliminary literature support.
Narrative case analysis and example based encounter of critical theory adhering to
- social theory
- postmodern theory
- literary theory
Who are the theorists of the mentioned theories as above? How critical theory is manifested in lieu to English literature? What are some of literary criticisms involved in critical theory? What are the core concepts of critical theory? Discuss and give examples
Postmodern critical research is also characterized by what is called, the crisis of representation, which rejects the idea that a researcher’s work is considered an “objective depiction of a stable other” (2002). Instead, in their research and writing, many postmodern scholars have adopted “alternatives that encourage reflection about the ‘politics and poetics’ of their work, in these accounts, the embodied, collaborative, dialogic, and improvisational aspects of qualitative research are clarified” ( 2002). While modernist critical theory (as described above) concerns itself with “forms of authority and injustice that accompanied the evolution of industrial and corporate capitalism as a political-economic system,” postmodern critical theory politicizes social problems “by situating them in historical and cultural contexts, to implicate themselves in the process of collecting and analyzing data, and to relativize their findings” ( 2002). Meaning itself is seen as unstable due to the rapid transformation in social structures and as result the focus of research is centered on local manifestations rather than broad generalizations.
Critical theory has originated in social theory and in literary criticism which led to "critical theory" becoming an umbrella term for an array of theories in English speaking academy. Research focus on primarily on the differences and similarities between the two senses of the term critical theory and there are two meanings of critical theory which derive from two different intellectual traditions associated with the meaning of criticism and critique.
There derive ultimately from the Greek word kritikos meaning judgment or discernment and in their present forms go back to the 18th century. While they can be considered completely independent intellectual pursuits, increasingly scholars are interested in the areas of critique where the two overlap. Critical social theory is of self-reflective knowledge involving both understanding and theoretical explanation to reduce entrapment in systems of domination or dependence, obeying the emancipatory interest in expanding the scope of autonomy and reducing the scope of domination. From this perspective, much literary critical theory, since it is focused on interpretation and explanation rather than on social transformation, would be regarded as positivistic or traditional rather than critical theory in the Kantian sense. Critical theory in literature and the humanities in general does not necessarily involve normative dimension, whereas critical social theory does, either through criticizing society from some general theory through criticizing it in terms of its own espoused values. This meaning of "critical theory" originated entirely within the humanities. There are works of literary critical theory that show no awareness of the sociological version of critical theory.
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