Research proposal : Exercise reduces interdialytic weight gain and prevent fluid overload
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Although it is clear that the case for exercise in reducing physical illness is well established, there has also been a growing interest in the contribution of exercise to the alleviation of the problems of mental illness. Accordingly, either in terms of clinical or non-clinical conditions, exercise may offer substantial potential alone or as an adjunct in improving the mental well-being of many individuals. There are important benefits that are associated with the potential use of exercise in such a role. First, exercise is cheap. Second, exercise carries negligible delete-serious side-effects. For the vast majority of the public who are the likely targets of exercise-based interventions in health care, the positive relationships seem to hold firm (Anshel 2006). Those who are involved in sport or exercise generally have a higher level of physical self-perceptions, including physical self-worth and body image and there is a tendency for them also to have higher self-esteem than their age-group peers. Exercise can be used as a medium to promote physical self-worth and other important physical self-perceptions such as body image. In some situations, this improvement is accompanied by improved self-esteem. Positive effects of exercise on self-perceptions can be experienced by all age groups but there is strongest evidence for change for children and middle-aged adults. Although day-to-day moods and emotions may not be seen as a high priority in some clinical settings, one should not underestimate their importance in public health promotion. If people feel good through exercise, they are more likely to adhere to a physical activity program. This enables them to receive important protective physical health benefits from exercise (Biddle, Boutcher, & Fox, 2000). The proposed paper focuses on analyzing how exercise reduces inter dialytic weight gain and prevent fluid overload.
Importance of research
The proposed research will help in understanding how exercise reduces the onset of weight gain. The proposed research will give some clues on how exercise prevents fluid overload. The proposed research will help in complementing exercise and its effects to an individual.
Exercise is a potent means both of contributing to well-being and supporting quality of life. Its effects are not limited to musculoskeletal or cardiovascular systems but extend to mental health and affective states. Sport for all campaigns has emphasized the value of exercise for weight-control purposes, offsetting inactive lifestyles and contributing to skeletal health in ageing individuals. Exercise programs also help to counteract the computer play-station culture of youngsters and instill positive attitudes towards active lifestyles. Neither exercise nor life-style factors such as diet can on their own provide an elixir for health and well-being. A balanced and holistic approach is advocated, whether the focus is on the individual worker or on the athlete. Yet for solutions to be effective they must be acceptable to the individual and harmonize with individual needs (Jenkins & Reaburn 2000). Exercise reduces the clothing requirements and improves survival at any cold air temperature on land whereas the opposite applies in swimming as exercise reduces the insulating capacity, especially on the muscles of the upper limb, thereby increasing heat loss from the body. Thus the key for survival during exercise in extreme conditions on land is to maintain a high metabolic rate and to stay dry. In water this is achieved by wearing either a wet-suit or a dry-suit, both of which should cover the arms. When exposed accidentally to ice-cold water, the initial crisis is to survive the cold-shock response. It is also unlikely that most will be able to cover more than 50-100 m should they attempt to swim to land. Thus the prospect of survival is determined almost entirely by the speed with which dry land is reached. Any delay increases the probability that drowning by inhalation, secondary to physical incapacitation, will occur (Greeves & Reilly 2002).
To determine the number of respondents that will be asked to participate and give information regarding the study convenience sampling will be used. Convenience sampling means to collect or interview individuals who actually experience the phenomenon. Convenience sampling will focus on individuals that experienced diabetes mellitus or has someone in the family that experienced such disease.
Primary and secondary sources of data would be used for the study. Surveys will the primary method of data collection. Internet surveys would be the primary source of data. Internet surveys have been both hyped for their capabilities and criticized for the security issues it brings. Internet surveys would also require less time for the researchers and the respondents. Secondary source of data would involve the use of books and journals.
In analyzing the collected data, the paper will be divided into the demographic profiles of the respondents and the ideas of respondents. The data that will be acquired will be put into graphs and tables.
Anshel, MH 2006, Applied Exercise psychology: A practitioner's
guide to improving client health and fitness, Springer, New
Biddle, SJ, Boutcher, SH & Fox, KR, 2000 (eds.) Physical
activity and psychological well-being, Routledge, London.
Greeves, J & Reilly, T 2002, Advances in sport, leisure and
ergonomics, Routledge, London.
Jenkins, D & Reaburn, P 2000, Guiding the young athlete: All you
need to know, Allen & Unwin, St. Leonards, N.S.W.
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