BIOGAS FROM ORGANIC HOSPITAL WASTE RESEARCH PROPOSAL PAPER
The paper discusses in brief the research proposal on the subject biogas production from organic hospital wastes. In particular, the research will focus on the pros and cons of biogas generation with organic medical wastes as the maun source. In this proposal, the background, the research questions and objective and the research methodologies are presented.
The working title of this research is drafted as: BIOGAS FROM ORGANIC HOSPITAL WASTE
The management of waste is one of the major problems of most countries most especially hospital waste. Currently, medical waste disposal is even more difficult since there are needles, syringes and other similar items that must be disposed. The premise is that this type of waste adverse environmental effects such as contaminating the land, water and air resources as well as having harmful effects on human health if not disposed properly.
Weight, density and constituents are the main categories for hospital wastes. Within the confines of the hospital itself, there are various kinds of organic and inorganic wastes generated. Examples of these are infectious, sharps, pathological, pharmaceuticals and radioactive wastes aside from the waste that comes from different hospital facilities (e.g. kitchen, rooms).
The organic fraction of these hospital wastes generates biogas and compost matter through biochemical degradation. There are specific processes that are introduced to convert wastes into long-term development opportunities for the purpose of recycling and materials and energy recovery. The paper proposes to explore the pros and cons of biogas generation from medical organic wastes.
4.0 Research Questions and Objective
The main purpose of this research is to investigate the levels of probability of converting hospital wastes into utilizable energy and to determine its inherent risks if there are any. To achieve this aim, the paper will seek to answer the following questions:
1) How do hospitals approach the medical waste disposal? Are there any hospital waste systems that these hospitals adhere into? What are those?
2) How do hospitals take their responsibility to plan, collect, segregate, transport and store wastes? What are the disposal methods and waste minimization techniques that hospitals implement?
3) What are the risks of improper waste disposal? How does medical waste affect us?
4) How the organic hospital waste can be converted into biogas? What are the benefits and detriments of this action?
5) How could these biogas conversion impact the operations of hospitals? How do they perceive their contribution to biogas generation?
5.0 Research Methodology
The research philosophy that this research will going to use is the realism perspective since the researcher believe that there is a reality that exists independent of human thoughts and beliefs. As such, these are critical to know reality with certainty. The inductive research will be also used since it focuses on building theories rather than testing them. Inductive research, in addition, emphasizes a close understanding of the research context and focuses on a more flexible structure to permit changes of research.
Primarily, the research is exploratory which aims at finding out what is happening or seeking new insights by asking questions to experts or conducting focus-group interviews. The exploratory study starts with a broad set of questions and then narrows them down as the research progresses. In addition, the research will be also experimental. The findings of these processes will be the primary data of the research and the secondary data will come from the literatures that the researcher plans to collate including published articles from science journals, books and related studies on biogas production and hospital waste management.
The research will be divided into five chapters. In Chapter 1, the nature of the problem, background of the study, research objectives and methodologies will be presented. The next Chapter will be devoted to review of literature on biogas and medical wastes. Chapter 3 will discuss the methodologies utilized. The result of the experiment and qualitative analysis will be presented on the fourth Chapter and Chapter 5 will provide significant conclusions and insightful recommendations.