Research Proposal on Effects of Children with Incarcerated Parents
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Effects of Children with Incarcerated Parents
Children, for all over the world are expecting to receive their own right to live in a decent environment together with their parents. As part of the children’s right is to experience a happy life with fairness and equality. This good aspiration can be only achieve if there is a shelter, education, food and security. And aside form all of that, children needs care and affection, not by the other people or strangers from an institution, but from their parents.
Background and Problem Statement
Crime and violence has become the emerging topic in the area of human rights and public policy and are now committed by both sexes. Various governmental sectors in each country are continuously searching to find appropriate answer in minimizing the numbers of crime and violence records that are now more narrowing the spaces inside the penitentiary. Being a prisoner affects the socio-economic statuses and profiles of the families being left (Stoppard and Scattolon, 1999). Aside from the holistic view in the effects of having a loved one inside the penitentiary, the most dramatic effects can potentially shouldered by the children. And in the long-run, might affect their future.
Research Aim and Objectives
The aim of the study is to recognize the effects, particularly the negative effects on children having the incarcerated parents. To identify the certain outcomes or effects, there are three objectives that can serve as the guidance of the study. The first objective is to describe the policies, such as community service and rehabilitation policies of the penitentiaries on the prisoners. Second is to identify the socio-economic status of the families that have a member confined under the authority of law. And third is to observe the changes in the social, psychological, intellectual, and overall development of children knowing that their parents are behind bars.
After the legal court procedure has been established, the offenders are ordered to be locked behind bars no matter how light or heavy the crime and violation is the offender must pay by being detainee (European Commission, 2006). On the other hand, there are suggestions regarding the effective strategy towards the easy rehabilitation of the prisoners. But by viewing in the personal relationships of the prisoners, there is a big effect in the connection of the parent/s and their children. There is a great trouble in case of parenting that might contribute in strong bond in family relationship. Children might face the mocking of the society and stigma. Meanwhile, the parent/s might face the parental rejection of the children and create such burden on both parties. There is also a great potential in opening the path for the delinquency of the children. The level of socio economic status of the family can be also affected, particularly to answer the needs of each member of the family (Kumari, 2009). After the long years of being a detainee, the parent/s might find it hard to find opportunity to support their children but the hardest effect on both children and parent/s is the criticism of the society and the tendency that it can generate that might destroy the trust and relationship of parent/s and children (United Nations, 2001). Other than the common perception on the effects on children, it is also identified that there is an indication that children might suffer into the psychological disturbance, especially when they witnessed the incident where their parent/s is the prime suspect. The imprisonment of their parents might cause for a terrible nightmare and need for social security and the feeling of being safe (Wortley, 2002). Moreover, if the children (bearing their young and innocent understanding) saw their parents behind bars and not coming home lately as usual, there is an emotional breakdown as compared to those teenagers.
The suggested method in the study is the use of the secondary data gathered from the previous studies having the same theme of the study. It is appropriate if the data are not more that seven (7) years old because the gap in years might create an unresolved issue. The secondary data or information can be obtained from the prisoner reports, crime and violation status reports, census, and other agencies concerning the human rehabilitation for both prisoners and their children. With the help of the secondary information, all the ideas that recognize the effects on children with incarcerated parent/s can be thoroughly analyzed before jumping on the conclusion.
European Commission, 2006. EU Research on Social Sciences and Humanities: Women, Integration and Prison, An Analysis of the Processes of Social Labor Integration of Women Prisoners in Europe [Online] Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/research/social-sciences/pdf/mip_en.pdf [Accessed 09 June 2010].
Kumari, N., 2009. Socio-Economic Profile of Women Prisoners, Language in India –Strength for Today and Bright Hope for Tomorrow, Vol. 9, No. 2 [Online] Available at: http://www.languageinindia.com/feb2009/nageshkumari.pdf [Accessed 09 June 2010].
Stoppard, J., & Scattolon, Y., 1999. Getting on with Life: Women’s Experience and Ways of Coping with Depression, Canadian Psychology, Vol. 40, No. 2
United Nations, 2001. The Situation of Women and Girls in Afghanistan, Economic and Social Council [Online] Available at: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/afghanistan/documents/ECN6-2001-2-Add1.pdf [Accessed 09 June 2010]
Wortley, R., 2002. Situational Prison Control: Crime Prevention in Correctional Institutions. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. 23.
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