How does globalization affect culture?
This paper will provide for an analysis of the effect of globalization to culture. The paper will have a discussion as to the reasons which as to the birth of globalization. A simple description about culture will also be put into consideration. The paper will provide some matters on how globalization will affect culture. The used of thoughts and ideas by several authorities shall be recognized and proper referencing will be applied.
Globalization is the product of rapid changes of the world. The author’s viewed that globalization is in existent from the time several countries or states tried to conquer other states. Globalization was not only apparent today in the modern times but also during the days where states have been in the process of establishing their power over states.
According to Suarez-Orozco and Qin-Hillard (2004), globalization happens when there is a movement of people, goods, or ideas among countries and region accelerates. They further stated that the world has experienced four major cycles of globalization from the time Italian sea captains flying the flags of Spain and Portugal initiated regular inter-oceanic travel in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
The first cycle happened in 1942 until the early 1960’s which has been the conquest of American societies by Spain and Portugal. The second cycle was in the late seventeenth century, as it marked the rapid growth of a second wave of European colonization that established the main slave colonies in the world. The third cycle began in the late nineteenth century, which was attributed to the fact that there are huge increases in international trade, capital and technology flows, as well as mass migrations. The last cycle began with the liberalization of international trade after the Second World War.
From that point of view although globalization is treated today as something that is new in the current century, however, it is not. The term globalization has just been one of the topics nowadays because of the American move to “save” the oppressed citizen of one state.
Findley & Rothney (2006) defined culture as system of symbols and meaning that even their creators contest that lack fixed boundaries, that are constantly in flux, and that interact and compete with one another. The author of this paper view that culture was the pattern of systems, characteristics, and actions of a person in the process of interactions and making the people’s way in its society. Culture defines the actual personality of one state or certain group of people in defining identity.
It is necessary for the author to give a brief introduction as to existence of the globalization in order to present the effect of globalization to culture in a historical perspective. In addition, the definition of culture must be established in order to give the readers an idea on how culture will really relate to globalization.
It is the author’s stand that culture has a big impact on a culture of one’s state. First reason was that globalization is the process wherein all the transactions whether politically or economy will be considered as one. Globalization will involve the oneness of all the legal and existing states in the world hence only one ruler will set the parameters on how the sates will be able to subsist. From this point, globalization will affect culture for the reason that culture sets the identity of one state to another. As thru globalization there will be oneness of all, the identity will vanish. The states will be considered one hence there will be no distinction as to the identity of one another.
Losing one’s personality would mean a lot to one state for it would eradicate the reasons behind continuous existence. Those countries, which have been guided by their culture like China, will likely suffer, as globalization would be considered as destruction to what such states as sacred to the reason of their existence.
Another reason is that because globalization will remove the barrier on the sovereignty of each state. Thru globalization, the freedom from outside control will not be necessary for the preservation of culture. From this statement it can be inferred that the as sovereignty will be eradicated a state’s capacity on accordance to what it believe to be necessary will just fruitless. Futile efforts in the preservation of one’s culture will be to no avail.
One illustration that indeed globalization greatly affects the culture is the situation of Philippines after being conquered by three powerful states. The readers may argue that such of colonization is not considered as part globalization. It necessary for the readers to refer to the concept of globalization discussed above. Globalization is not taken only as a holistic taking over of the world but of considering the cycles in realizing globalization.
The Spanish conquered the Philippines for a period of three years, followed by the American. The Philippines has been in existence free from outside control. When the Spanish came in the Philippines has be subjected to a series of insults and harsh treatment from the Spanish and from those Filipinos who have been infused with the Spanish blood. The real identity of Filipinos has vanished together with their right over their country. However, in the end, Filipinos has still bee practicing some of the teachings of the Spanish. On the other hand, Filipinos did not suffer much in the hands of the Americans, which has in turn given the Filipinos the capability to speak the English language as well.
From the aforementioned facts, globalization will have a vast impact over the culture of one’s state. Because it will put the state’s culture into the situation wherein one’s identity will be stricken out from the society. Culture defines the actions one’s state. Culture gives reason to the actions of one’s state. Losing culture thru globalization will need a deep understanding and analysis in order to put everything in order. However, it is the view that although globalization may greatly affect one’s culture, the benefits of globalization is far more necessary than one’s culture.
Findley, C. & Rothney, J. 2006, Twentieth Century World, Houghton Mifflin.
Suarez-Orozco, M. & Qin-Hilliard, D. B. 2004, Globalization: Culture and Education in the New Millennium, University of California Press, Berkeley, CA,
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