Research proposal on Rapid increase in road accidents
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Rapid Increase in road Accident
Road accidents have been considered to be one of the primary causes of mortality rates in different countries and Tanzania is never an exception. Road accidents are commonly caused by motorcyclists, bicyclists, vehicular occupants and pedestrians. Accordingly, road traffic accidents have killed an estimated 1.3 million people and injure 50 million people annually in different parts of the world, and global road fatalities are forecast to reach 1.9 million by 2020 (CGRS, 2009). As they account for more deaths which have been caused by malaria, road traffic accidents can be deliberated no less than a global pandemic. It has bene mentioned that such accidents are the second most common cause of death of individuals between 5 and 29 years old. And in this analysis young men are nearly three times more likely to be killed or injured on the roads than young women.
Since the 1990s people all over the globe are noting their concerns with the rapid growth in the number of casualties in road accidents, specifically as many developing nations have entered a stage of rapid motorization. In this generation, about 90% or more of road traffic deaths happened in low and middle income nations. It has been regarded that many road accidents can be prevented and that road safety is essentially a development issue for many nations. Primarily, the main goal of this paper is to discuss the research proposal on analysing the cause of the road accidents in Tanzania.
Statement of the Problem
In order to complete the goals of this particular academic activity as well as to set the objectives of the study, the following research questions will be presented and discussed in the entirety of the research paper focusing on the analysis of the cause of the road accidents in Tanzania.
1. What are the causes of road accidents in Tanzania.?
2. How does the Tanzanian government provide solutions to this problems?
3. What are the possible ways to reduce or totally eliminate the road accidents in Tanzania?
Overview of Methodology
This particular research activity will be conducted using the guidelines of both the quantitative and the qualitative research approaches. In this light, the research study will make use of the survey and the interview techniques as methods for the data gathering activities. the qualitative aspect of researcher will be used in order to provide in-depth discussion regarding the concept of road accidents as well as its implications to the mortality and death in Tanzania. Meanwhile, the quantitative part of the research activity will make possible the quantification of concepts and ideas that are otherwise immeasurable within the qualitative paradigm. The utilization of both the quantitative and the qualitative research approaches will be used to provide holistic and comprehensive understanding on the selected research topic. Therefore, discussions will reflect the use of both these academic research approaches.
The survey method will be facilitated through the use of survey forms and questionnaires. This will include inquiries on the general characteristics, particularly the socio-demographic information of the selected research participants. Quantifiable inquiries will be likewise contained in the survey forms and questionnaire regarding the impact of the road accidents and the Internet in general on the current business practices and approaches as compared to the traditional business management strategies. The survey forma will be distributed to employees belonging to the Information Technology departments of the selected organizations. The criteria which will be used to select the business organizations will be the firms and companies that have long been operating in their respective industries. This will enable the participants to compare and contrast the business processes of their companies before and after the popularity of the use of the Internet in their commercial operations.
The research activity will also make use of secondary data from academic journals, books, and other publications that could provide additional information regarding road accidents. Published as well as unpublished research papers that were previously conducted which likewise focus on the impacts of road accidents to the business sector will be reviewed. These additional data and information will also be used to support as well as contradict the findings of the study depending on the credibility of the authors and the journals where they were found published. The use of secondary data and information will likewise serve as validity and reliability indicators of the researcher to ensure that the collected data from the survey and the interview methods could be used to strengthen the findings and results of the study. This will hopefully come up to unbiased presentation and discussion of the collected data and information from the indicated research methodologies.
Commission for Global Road Safety, Make Roads Safe: A Decade of Action for Road Safety (London, Commission for Global Road Safety, 2009)