Research proposal on The the impact of family planning on women
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Family planning programs or organized efforts to provide contraception to women and men were one of the major social and health interventions in the second half of the 20th century. These programs exist in most countries and in all world regions. Governments provide substantial support for family planning, and most users of contraception in developing countries rely on their governments for contraceptive supplies and services, although the private sector, including pharmacies and private organizations, is also an important source of such services. Many of the family planning programs in developing countries have been carried out with considerable support from international donors (Kohler 2001). Over the years, proponents of family planning programs have seen the benefits of these programs as similar to those of other development efforts such as in education, or disease prevention through immunizations in helping to bring about improvements in the wellbeing of individuals and societies. However, the international movement to promote and support family planning in developing countries as a way to meet the demand for fertility regulation and as a way to lower fertility and population growth has also generated criticism and controversy. The critics have included, at varying times, representatives of developing countries, social scientists, interest groups such as feminists and women's rights and health advocates, the Catholic Church and other religious organizations, political conservatives, and representatives of the right-to-life movement. Critics of family planning programs have raised a range of political, ideological, ethical, cultural, and scientific issues (Seltzer 2002). This paper is a proposal to create a study on the impact of family planning on women.
Aims and objectives
1. Identify the different methods of family planning.
2. Know the benefits of family planning.
3. Understand the complications of family planning.
4. Determine the situation of women.
5. Analyze the impact of family planning on women.
There are two main reasons why family planning programs have been controversial. The first is because they deal with a subject such as birth control and implicitly sexual activity. The second is because a political movement to promote particular public policies was spawned out of a growing concern about the negative effects of rapid population growth on the economic development prospects of many Third World countries. While this movement had strong support from a number of quarters, it also generated opposition among a number of groups and for different reasons (Harvey 1999). Birth control was for many years a taboo topic for public discourse, and it still is a sensitive issue for some. Anything closely related to sex has been considered by many to be a private issue. Support for birth control became a social movement that aroused opposition from the Catholic Church and other religious groups because of their positions regarding some or all artificial means of contraception. Advocates of the birth control movement included early feminists, who saw birth control as a way to free women from unwanted and excessive childbearing and as a way to give women control over their bodies. Subsequent controversies over contraception have included concerns about contraceptive safety of the part of women's health advocates and concerns that women, as opposed to service providers, control or determine for themselves its use. The debate over abortion has spilled over onto the field of contraception, with some abortion foes extending their opposition to include organized efforts to promote and provide contraception, especially in developing countries. The international movement to address rapid population growth stirred controversy for several reasons that have both scientific and political dimensions. Interest in world population growth on the part of some conservationists, demographers, public health officials, and others was originally focused on the study and understanding of contemporary demographic trends but eventually triggered a call for ameliorative action to address the growing geopolitical problem of rapid population growth. The advocates of public action believed that population growth would outstrip the ability of countries to feed their populations, have deleterious effects on natural resources and the environment, and impede economic development (Schoen 2005).
The proposed study will use a mix of qualitative and quantitative method to allow for better understanding of the performance based post occupancy evaluation of institutional buildings. Use of a mixed-method approach can make the results more presentable to a hostile audience or in using quantitative work to back up qualitative work. This can be useful where there are concerns about getting a qualitative proposal past a quantitative panel, or getting results of largely qualitative work published in a more traditionally quantitative journal. From the standpoint of those who choose quantitative methods using qualitative methods means debasing psychology as a science (Darlington & Scott 2002).
Darlington, Y & Scott, D 2002, Qualitative research in practice:
Stories from the field, Allen & Unwin, Crows Nest, N.S.W.
Harvey, PD 1999, Let every child be wanted: How social marketing
is revolutionizing contraceptive use around the world, Auburn
House, Westport, CT.
Kohler, H 2001, Fertility and social interaction: An economic
perspective, Oxford University Press, New York.
Schoen, J 2005, Choice and coercion: Birth control,
sterilization, and abortion in public health and welfare,
University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC.
Seltzer, JR 2002, The origins and evolution of family planning
programs in developing countries, Rand, Santa Monica, CA.