A Research Proposal Paper on Maternal Mortality and Family Planning Services Practice among Women Aged 15-49 Years Old
Maternal Mortality and Family Planning Services Practice among Women
Giving birth is the most precious time for the mothers that they might feel terrified and delighted at the same time. But despite of all the mixed emotions that the mothers feel, there are instances that their lives were at risk. Hence, the mortality rate in other countries is increasing which plays an important issue and concern for the family planning and women’s health.
Background and Problem Statement
Worldwide, over 500,000 women and girls die of complications related to pregnancy and childbirth each year. Over 99 % of those deaths occur in developing countries such as Uganda. But maternal deaths only tell part of the story. For every woman or girl who dies as a result of pregnancy-related causes, between 20 and 30 more will develop short- and long-term disabilities, such as obstetric fistula, a ruptured uterus, or pelvic inflammatory disease. Uganda’s maternal mortality rate continues at an unacceptably high level. While maternal mortality figures vary widely by source and are highly controversial (Policy Project, 2003). Because of the observed number of deaths caused by pregnancy and childbirth, it is proposed that there should be a specified services and practices that will protect the women and at the same time emphasize the family planning. Therefore, what are the appropriate family planning services, although there are existing practices, which suited for the women in Uganda?
Research Aim and Objectives
The main aim of the study is to answer the questions whether there is a relationship between maternal mortality and family planning practice. In order to administer the appropriate collection of data, there are four objectives that should consider. First is to investigate whether maternal mortality ratios in developing countries are related to health service adequacy. Second is to determine the prevalence of mortality rate in Uganda in both rural and urban areas. Third is to examine the family planning services that are applied in the country. And fourth is to compare the effectiveness of the family planning services on other countries.
Women and girls, if not died, suffer from disabilities caused by complications during pregnancy and childbirth each year. Maternal deaths in developing countries are a major public health problem. Various programs have been proposed to reduce this human cost, involving a multitude of interventions to deal, at different stages, with the life-threatening conditions related to pregnancy and delivery. While some rationale and evidence for the effectiveness of specific interventions may exist, systematic comparison of approaches is difficult, often relying on arbitrarily specified models (Bulatao & Ross, 2001). Maternal mortality represents one of the widest health gaps between developed and developing nations and it is intriguing that developing contributes much to this death rate. The maternal deaths occur in developed countries indicates that maternal deaths could be avoided if the proper health resources and services were available to women in developing nations (PRC, 2006). The tragedy – and opportunity – is that most of these deaths can be prevented with cost-effective health care services. Reducing maternal mortality and disability will depend on identifying and improving those services that are critical to the health of Ugandan women and girls, including antenatal care, emergency obstetric care, and adequate postpartum care for mothers and babies, and family planning and STI/HIV/AIDS services. All of the services are assessed based on current health care services. The program should have defined strengths and weaknesses in order to address the strategies as a solution for the policy deficiencies. All of the political bodies and NGOs are encourage supporting the appropriate action and monitoring the progress of the program over time. Health care programs to improve maternal health must be supported by strong policies, adequate training of health care providers; and logistical services that facilitate the provision of those programs. Once maternal and neonatal programs and policies are in place, all women and girls must be ensured equal access to the full range of services (Policy Project, 2003).
The applied method in the study is through the use of secondary information. Using secondary data, to find out why rate of maternal mortality is on the increase in Uganda despite family planning services by women in the age group of 15-49 years old. The materials that can be used are the academic contexts, books that focus in family planning services, journals, case studies, previous researches and survey information that done in Uganda and in other countries. All of the information are gauge based on the objectives of the study and thereby create an impact in the thorough development of the study.
Bulatao, R.A., & Ross, J.A., (2001) Do Health Services Reduce Maternal Mortality? Evidence from Ratings of Maternal Health Programs [Online] Available at: http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNACM562.pdf [Accessed 06 October 2010].
Policy Project, (2003) Maternal and Neonatal Program Effort Index (MNPI): A Tool for Maternal Health Advocates [Online] Available at: http://www.policyproject.com/pubs/MNPI/Uganda_MNPI.pdf [Accessed 06 October 2010].
PRC, (2006) Executive Summary - Maternal Mortality and Morbidity, Population Resource Center [Online] Available at: http://www.prcdc.org/files/Maternal_Mortality.pdf [Accessed 06 October 2010].
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