Factors affecting employee productivity – Case study of private Ghanaian workers working in fast food chains
When we say employee efficiency this means the employee characteristics and also relates to the speed and accuracy of an employee against the role, job and duties. Employee productivity underpins employee efficiency wherein the more efficient employees are the more productive they will be especially when managed correctly. Employee productivity creates an environment that encourages effective performance and hence essential in management of human capital function.
In maximising employee productivity, there is the need to focus on areas of personal motivation and the infrastructure of the work environment, both of which form factor that affect the employee productivity. While the most obvious motivating factor for employee factor is often thought to be based on salary and promotions, this may not always be the case. The question is: what makes employee work harder?
2.0 Statement of the problem
While workers are on the job, they do not produce more simply because they are being paid to do such. This is said to be human nature that is triggered by different factors. This study aims to understand these different factors affecting employee productivity. In particular, the study will determine the factors that are affecting the productivity of Ghanaian workers working in fast food chains. With this, the following questions will be given answer to:
1) What are the factors that influence Ghanaian workers to work even harder while in the workplace?
2) Specifically, what are the factors that affect their works positively and negatively?
3) How do they perceive their immediate managers to motivate them to work harder?
4) Are their workplaces and/or work environment can be considered productive for them to align their productivity with such?
3.0 Aims and objectives
The main aim of the study is to explore the various factors that influence and affect the productivity of Ghanaian workers who work in fast food chains. There could be positive and negative factors influencing such. In lieu with this, the following specific objectives will be addressed:
- To determine the nature and dynamics of employee productivity in Ghana and in fast food industry
- To distinguish the different perceptions of Ghanaian workers on various influences to own productivity
4.0 Overview of methodologies
Primary and secondary research will be conducted in the study. In primary research, the study will survey Ghanaian workers who work in fast food chains that are generally private. A structured questionnaire will be developed and it will be used as the survey tool for the study. It is planned that the questionnaire will have a 5 point Likert Scale, as well as ranking questions. Data on both medium will be compared and evaluated using SPSS.
Aside from survey, a secondary research will also be conducted in the study. Sources in secondary research will include previous research reports, newspaper, magazine and journal content, organization statistics, etc. Sometimes, secondary research is required in the preliminary stages of research to determine what is known already and what new data are required, or to inform research design. In this paper, existing findings on journals and existing knowledge on books will be used as secondary research. The findings from the journals and books will be evaluated in the data analysis. Types of research journals chosen are all related to issues in advertisements. Basically, interpretation will be conducted which can account as qualitative in nature.
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