Research Proposal on The Effect of Motivation on Employee Performance in Organization
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The Effect of Motivation on Employee Performance in Organization
Background of the Study
Most of the organizations believe in the power of the competency within the organization and in the industry. It is important for the entire organization on how their workforce feel about their job and the leaders can recognize it in their employees’ job performance. In this case, the approach on motivation is the center of the study which is also applied in the organization. The approach of the organization in the motivational aspect is placed in a higher level or dimension that can answer their need for competency. Motivation allows the organizations and individuals to focus on the development of their behaviors and knowledge. Overall, the motivational aspects on the job and in the organization are to energize the workforce to provide the effectiveness in their job. There is study that explains in the amount of job involvement of the individual. It defined that an individual’s understanding on his job has an effect on the job performance. Meanwhile, the motivational processes increases or influences the job performance and other work outcomes of an individual. Clearly, the job performance of a person is a result of the combination of motivation and job involvement. Some study delivered the idea that there is autonomy in the organization that can affect not only the performance but as well as the job satisfaction, motivation, and role perceptions.
Statement of the Problems
There are two identified problems in the study
1. Is there any relationship between motivation and employee performance?
2. What are the effects of motivation in the organizational commitment and productivity of an employee?
Research Aim and Objectives
The aim of the study is to investigate the role of motivation towards employee performance. In order to assess the role of the motivation of the employee’s job performance, there are objectives that need to be considered.
1. To deliver the theories and models of motivation in the organization
2. To demonstrate the motivational approaches existed in an organization
3. To recognize the perception of both employees and employers regarding the motivation
4. To identify the effectiveness of motivation in the job performance of an employee
The study found the areas where the role of motivation can be weighed. Through the guidance of the following questions, performance of an employee can be interpreted.
1. What are the commonly used theories and models of motivation?
2. What are the types of motivational approaches of the organizations?
3. What are the views of the leaders, as well as the employees, within the idea of motivation?
4. In what ways do motivation can be effective?
Conceptual and Theoretical Framework
The concept of the study is based on the communication and the factors that might contribute to its effectiveness. Through engulfing the barriers of communication, the study can deliver the essence and importance of motivation for the job performance of the employees. With the application of motivation in the organizational commitment, there are concepts and principles that tend to explain the overall performance of the employees, the theories and models are used to assess the effectiveness of motivation in the study. Some of the theories that can be used are the Extrinsic and Intrinsic theories of motivation and the Hierarchy of Needs by Maslow. Generally, the model or theories in motivation is the basis for the development and growth of the employees and their role within the organization. The motivational process can somehow deliver the organizational commitment of each employee if the organization only recognizes the importance of the employees in making the business successful in the industry.
Significance of the Study
The study attempts to investigate the idea motivation and its contributing factors to increase the job performance or productivity of an employee. Therefore, if the study successfully identified the effectiveness of the motivation, the concerns of the organizations, particularly on their employees’ performance, will be resolved. In addition, the study serves are the reference for both academic and business context to help achieve their respective goals.
Scope and Limitations
The scope of the study is to investigate or demonstrate the effects of motivation in an organization. Therefore, it is appropriate to search the needed information to the areas of concerns like the modern organization and their HRM policies, regulations and applied strategies. On the other hand, the study limits itself by providing the specific transactions happen. For example the additional expenses due to the seminar and training facilities supported by the organization.
Byham, W., & Moyer, R., (2005) Using Competencies to Build a Successful Organization [Online] Available at: http://www.ddiworld.com/pdf/ddi_usingcompetenciestobuild_mg.pdf [Accessed 13 October 2010]
Christensen, R., & Wright, B., (2009) The Effects of Public Service Motivation on Job Choice Decisions: Exploring the Contributions of Person-Organization Fit and Person-Job Fit [Online] Available at: http://www.pmranet.org/conferences/OSU2009/papers/Christensen,%20Robert%20K%20and%20Wright,%20Bradley%20E.%20%20The%20Effects%20of%20Public%20Service%20Motivation%20on%20Job%20Choice%20Decisions.pdf [Accessed 13 October 2010].
Chughtai, A., (2008) Impact of Job Involvement on In-Role Job Performance and Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management, 9(4) [Online] Available at: http://www.jbam.org/pubs/jbam/articles/Vol9/no2/JBAM_9_2_4.pdf [Accessed 13 October 2010].
Strain, C., (1995) Need for Autonomy as a Moderating variable in the Model of the Determinants of Salesperson Performance [Online] Available at: http://www.sbaer.uca.edu/research/swma/1995/pdf/08.pdf [Accessed 13 October 2010]
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