Research Proposal Paper on The Impact of Free Maternal Health Care on Fertility
The proposed title for the study is The Impact of Free Maternal Health Care on Fertility. This paper will show the different methods, approaches and instruments to be used in order to ensure the success of future research.
2.0 Background of the Study
Parental education is very important in terms of fertility. It is important to focus on the different factors and aspects which affect the fertility of women. With this, it is vital for healthcare professionals to properly informed their people regarding the different environmental and social aspect that might affect their well-being, therefore, affect their maternal health.
However, it is important to consider that the economic conditions of families can affect this information dissemination. This is the reason why many free maternal health care centers were established, particularly in third world country, in order to ensure the health of mothers and children.
This study will main focus on the different macroenvironmental influence of free maternal health care on fertility.
3.0 Aim and Objectives
The main aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of free maternal health care on fertility. In line with this, the following are the specific objectives of the study:
· To present the different factors which affect fertility;
· To evaluate the different procedures and processes included in maternal health care;
· To assess how free maternal health care affect the health of women; and
· To recommend actions and strategies to be implemented in health care centers for free maternal health care.
The research study to be used in the proposed study will be descriptive method. According to Creswell (1994) it intends to present facts about the nature and status of a situation as it exists at the time of the study. In addition, it also concerns with the relationships and practices that exist, beliefs and processes that are ongoing, effects that are being felt or trends that are developing (Best 1970). Therefore, it can be helpful in order to describe the current conditions and situations based on the impressions and perceptions of the respondents of the study (Creswell 1994). Both qualitative and quantitative data will be gathered for this study. This is to ensure that both non-statistical and statistical data will be used in order to support the findings and result of the study.
4.1 Data Collection
Surveys will be implemented in the study. Surveys are the most common form of research method for collection of primary data (Commonwealth of Learning, 2000). One of its purpose is to describe, e.g., to count the frequency of some event or to assess the distribution of some variables such as proportion of the population of different age groups, sex, religion, castes and languages, knowledge, attitude and adaption of practices about particular issues, and other information of similar nature about the population (Commonwealth of Learning, 2000).
Survey interview and questionnaire will be used in this study, which will be used in order to gather primary data. On the other hand, secondary data will be gathered from different online libraries and databases which include BMJ, EMERALD, SCIENCE DIRECT, EBSCO, QUESTIA and GOOGLE BOOK.
4.2 Sample Frame
For this study, two groups of sample will be used. First will be the health care professionals involved in free maternal health center in Ghana. They were selected because they have the background knowledge about their profession.
The second group will be women or mothers. They were selected because they are directly involved in the process. At the same time, they are the one exposed towards the different factors related to the topic to be studied.
4.3 Data Analysis
The data results of the study will be analyzed by determining their corresponding frequency, percentage and weighted mean. The following statistical formulas will be used:
1. Percentage – to determine the magnitude of the responses to the questionnaire.
% = -------- x 100 ; n – number of responses
N N – total number of respondents
2. Weighted Mean
f1x1 + f2x2 + f3x3 + f4x4 + f5x5
x = ---------------------------------------------;
where: f – weight given to each response
x – number of responses
xt – total number of responses
Best, J. W. (1970). Research in Education, 2nd Ed. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, Inc.
Commonwealth of Learning. (2000). Manual for Educational Media Researchers: Knowing your Audience. Vancouver, Canada: Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia (CEMCA).
Creswell, J.W. (1994). Research design. Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.
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