Training and Development : Case Study of Motorola
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Training and Development
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As of now, the business environment is facing different changes, thus as the dawn of new millennium, a very vital and famous movement in the business had been long considered as the huge resurrection of the interest both in the training and development aspects. Most of the organizations are tired and do not have that much money to waste in their ineffective as well as unproductive development. In addition, individuals are already considered as less equipped in order to take time out from the work for jolly because of the fact that everyone is in great need of detectable changes (Landale 1999). On the other hand, some years ago, and up until now, T&D programs is consists of a trainer and other experts that are standing in group of students or trainees and lecturing and teaching different knowledge and subjects. Thus, the choice of words that both the parties will use relies on the different educative types regarding the approach and meaning that are being taught, whether they like it or not (Rae 1999, p. 3) .
Thus, T&D process is a vital factor or aspect of the company that helps to maintain the effectiveness and efficiency of the human resource. It can also help in the process of improvement and development of the entire performance and productivity that can help to maintain competitive advantage that will helps to maintain the organization’s current position in the market. It is important to consider that without the help of an effective T&D program, organization can quickly fall behind in the process of getting the skill sets and the knowledge that are required in order to ensure the competitiveness of the work force (Buhler 2002, p. 142).
T&D program or agenda is applied and implemented in a company when a new skills and knowledge were done or when one of the existing skills or knowledge has been deemed (Arthur 1995, p. 245). It is an approach or method that is used in order to ensure that the employees are focusing on the specific subject or skill that is needed to be learned. For example, T&D program can be designed in order to prepare the employees to use new technology or system (Sims 2002, p. 175). However, it is important to take note that the success of any T&D programs relies greatly on the different efforts, knowledge, skills as well as devotion of the instructor and other entities that are involved in the entire process, specifically the employees and the management in the process of creating the instructions. That is the reason why it is very important to assign great time as well as effort in the process of selecting the right instructors or trainers (Sims 2002, p. 175). As a result, it can be said that the entire T&D cn help the process of change management that can help to prevent any refusal or negative response of the employees.
Due to the different changes in the business environment, most of the businesses or organizations are focusing on the importance of the labor force or human resource as the most important resources. Thus, Human resource development or HRD plays a vital role in the modern organizations, this is due to the fact that HRD is the organized learning activities that were arranged in the organization to improve the performance as well as personal growth in order to improve the performance, personal growth that will help to improve the job, individual as well as the entire organization.
Currently the HRD environment is facing different problems as well as conflicts that make the HRD profession one of the challenging careers. This is due to the fact that inside the workforce, the entire demographics are changing, thus many organizations are realizing that the workforce diversity is considered as one of the most important source of competitive advantage (Sims 2006). The said condition shows that changes in the HRD are enormous. This is connected to the different issues about ethnicity, cultural and languages as well as prejudice that are related to the said subjects, or in simple term it is associated with differences. As a result, it shows that the different developmental opportunities are being focused not just on the organizational learning but also on the different acculturation process between the foreign and old employees. Another important thing that must be considered is the growing number of populations of women that are emerging or entering the workforce. Thus, it is important for any company to consider that the interests of the women in the process of seeking positions must be considered, and their vulnerability must be protected. Above all, it is also important to consider the ageing workforce that will push different HRD programs to focus on the needs and demands of younger as well as older employees (Sims 2006).
Aside from that said demographic changes, it is also important to consider the two most important and visible factors that affect the entire HRD and pushes the intensive T&D program: globalization and competition. This is due to the fact that it changes the process of HRD, and it is helpful in order to ensure maintenance of both global and local balance. This is due to the fact that companies nowadays are discovering that it is always important not only to focus on the global changes, but also focus on the different local events and trends in order to communicate with their customers. Thus, HRD must also hit the different process of sharing information as well as transfer of knowledge that will drive the process of research and innovation (Sims 2006).
As a result, it is important to align the HRD with the technical and technological requirements, thus the needs for more knowledgeable, experienced as well as skilled workers is vital. In connection to that, different technological trends like the demand and growth of more knowledge-intensive goods as well as services; changes in the competencies of human; global network; streamlining of business; rapid response; quicker innovations; quality improvement as well as revolution, shows that companies and organizations as of now are more connected with each other, thus must synergized (Sims 2006).
The said development is connected with the T&D processes and programs, this is due to the fact that most of the organizations nowadays are focusing on improving the knowledge and abilities of the individual. As a result, the process of closing the skills gap is considered as one of the most critical and crucial area of HRD for any organization in terms of penetrating the market in continuous manner. This is because skills gap can threatens the productivity as well as competitiveness in the level of organization and operation that requires the entire HRM professional to start on cultivating the workforce from the period of recruitment. On the other hand, the said process is not easy because there are different works that require customization of different skills, that not all of the newly hired employees acquire social skills aside from the basic skills (Sims 2006).
Above all, it is important to take note that the process of building the organization is considered as a vital for existence and the survival of the organization in the modern industry. Time and time again, most of the companies must invest on the different internal customers and employees that help them to take advantage of the entire human capital management. In addition, the sense of ownership is a vital aspect that requires the HRD professionals to develop different strategies that will guarantee superior knowledge, skills as well as experience that must be settled inside the workforce. This can be done by focusing on the different learning skills that will put the skills enhancement and will develop assignment and focus on the process of developing career and empowerment (Sims 2006, p. 19).
The main responsibility of the employer is to ensure that the T&D process are connected to their entire strategy and goal. It is also important for the employers to ensure that the T&D program to be implemented is beneficial not only for the company but also for employees’ individual development growth. It is also the responsibility of the employers to inform the employees regarding the T&D process and how it can affect their position or their performance in the company. This is to prevent any conflict and misunderstanding.
Above all, it is the responsibility of the employers to hire or employ training professionals that is suitable to the current organization and inform them regarding the different issues that are connected with the different rules and regulations as well as policies of the company.
In the entire T&D program and process, the training professionals have the most important role this is due to the fact that they are the one that set the pace of the program. Aside from that, they are also responsible in guiding and giving assistance to the trainees and employees, and focuses on furnishing the subject-matter expertise. Above all, they are accountable or responsible in the process of evaluating the entire training and development program (Sims 2002, p. 177).
That is why, an effective instructors must have the ability to deliver the different content of the T&D program in manner that they assists and make the entire learning process easier for the trainee employees. This focuses on the different skills such as the ability to: speak well, write convincingly, systematize and put into order the different works of other, creative, imaginative and inventive, and more importantly encourage others in greater performance and success and smoothen the progress of the climate for learning (Sims 2006, p. 176).
Employees play one of the most vital roles in the process of T&D, due to the fact that they are the direct player or beneficiaries of the program. Thus, it is important for the employees to focus on how they can help themselves in acquiring or absorbing the different subjects and knowledge that are being offered by the training professionals.
As a support to the effort of the employer and the training professionals it is important for the employees to participate in the entire program. This is because learning is considered as quicker and more long-lasting when the learner can participate in active manner (Sims 1990).
Labor union is considered as an organization of workers that have banded and gathered together in order to accomplish common goals in different areas like wages, hours as well as working conditions. Through the leadership of the labor union, it deals and negotiates with the employers (Lewis 2001). As a result, it is the responsibility of the labor unions to make sure that the different policies and rules and regulations that are connected with the training or development process or initiatives, are fair for the employees. It is also their responsibilities to ensure that the programs that are being implemented are conducive for the learning process and flow of the employees, in connection to good working environment.
The government plays a very crucial or vital role in the entire process and aspect of human resource or HR. This is due to the fact the government focuses on ensuring that a respective organization or firm is following the given standards or procedures of the local as well as international law. Thus, the government is responsible in ensuring that the entire T&D process, together with the policies and procedures are following the standard of both the local, national as well as international standards.
There are different organizations and companies that are focusing on the process and programs of T&D in order to improve the products and services that they are offering towards their customers. All of them are realizing that it has a great impact over their performance.
One of the most well-known brand or figure in the field of T&D is Motorola. It is the company that brings up the popularity of applying Six Sigma in their management process. As a result, the company had been able to establish their Motorola University that focuses on developing the learning process and knowledge of their employees, as well as outsiders regarding the benefits of Six Sigma. Motorola University has long been the equivalent of Harvard or MIT in the organization. It is considered as highly respected in terms of corporate universities due to the fact that it offers leading-edge thinking that is related to the goals of Motorola. It was crafted as an internal development course to be used in a blended learning environment. Thus, the principles about leadership are all explained in different practical terms that are easily translated and applied in the actual workplace (Motorola Inc. 2009).
As a result, T&D programs are not just valuable for the organization alone, but also for the individual employees, due to the fact that it helps to develop the current abilities and skills.
T&D development helps to improve the profitability as well as positive attitudes towards profit orientation that eventually leads to improvement of the job knowledge and skill all levels of management in the organization. Aside from that, it can also help to improve the morale of the workforce, therefore helps the employees to identify the goals of the organization. On the side of the employees, it can help individual to make better decision and have an effective problem solving technique that helped them to encourage and achieve self-development as well as self-confidence that will help individual to handle stress, tension, frustration as well as conflict. This will increase the satisfaction of the employee that will cause motivation for better performance (Sims 1990).
T&D process and program focuses on improving the performance of each and every individual employee by feeding them new skills and information that will help them to grow. As a result, when employees are more skilled and knowledgeable, they are intended to develop more self-confidence and self-esteem that enables them to work and perform well.
Arthur, D 1995, Managing Human Resources in Small & Mid-Sized Companies, AMACOM Div American Mgmt Assn
Buhler, P 2002, Streetwise Human Resources Management: All Information You Need to Manage Your Staff and Meet Your Business Objective, Adams Media
Landale, A (ed.) 1999, Gower Handbook of Training and Development, Gower Publishing Ltd.
Lewis, J 2001, Academic Literacy: Readings and Strategies, Houghton Mifflin
Motorola Inc. 2009, Motorola University, viewed 2 January 2008, < http://www.motorola.com/content.jsp?globalObjectId=3084>
Rae, L 1998, Using Training Aids in Training and Development: A Practical Guide, Kogan Page
Rae, L 1999, Using Activities in Training and Development, Kogan Page
Rae, L 2000, Effective Planning in Training and Development, Kogan Page
Sims, R. (1990). An Experiential Learning Approach to Employee Training Systems. New York: Quorum Books.
Sims, R 2002, Organizational Success Through Effective Human Resources, Quorum Books, Westport
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