A Research Proposal on Stress Management
The health of the person has continuously been studied over the years, especially concerning the progress of a human’s health, the acquisition of diseases, and how a person’s personal lifestyle will be able to affect the condition of the person. Mental and emotional balance have also continued to be factors for the physical condition of a person, and thus have also persistently receive special attention from specialist who would like to analyze the extent on the mental condition’s influence on the physical condition of a person. With respect to these discussions, motivation in any organizations creates a stress-free environment to its members (Bray et al, 1999). Motivated members increase their morale and neglected the stressful condition of their work. Psychological effect of stress can be lessen, if the organization implemented a proper way of motivating individuals (Winters et al, 2000).
Actually, the health problem of stress has always been one of the most elusive, especially as it is almost the precursor of other diseases, especially those involved with the cardiovascular system (Winters et al, 2000). While there have been several studies proliferating concerning the causes and effects of stress (Ben-Sira, 1991; Auslander et al, 1993; Orth-Gommer, 1998; and Bray et al, 1999) most of them remain vague and elude several concepts about the term. However, the term “stress” is widely understood to be the emotion or a state in which a person experiences due to quick changes or development, and wherein the person will also experience a range of other emotions such as fear, anger, hurt, despair, excitement, and other such intense emotions, and thus is also viewed to be an undesirable state (Meyerson, 1994).
Stress can be found in all aspects of life, will this be emotional or physical, stress can affect the lives of every human being. It can also affect the person psychologically if the stress will not be coped so stress management is important to regulate the activities of every person. This proposal will be discussing facts about stress and its relationship to motivation particularly in hotel business.
Statement of the Problem
The study will investigate the effect of stress and and its relationship to motivation particularly in a hotel business. Specifically, the researcher will answer the following queries:
1. What is the current status of stress management among employees in a hotel business?
2. Is stress has significant effect to the performance of employees in hotel business?
3. What is the role of employee motivation in lessening the effect stress among employees in a hotel business?
4. Based on the perception of the surveyed and interviewed respondents, do the employee motivation efforts of a hotel business has significant effect to overall performance of the hotel business?
5. What measures should be done to further improve the program and increase the enthusiasm among employees and avoid stress in hotel business?
Methods and Procedure
The study intends to investigate the perception of employees and administrators in a hotel business regarding stress management. For this study, primary research and secondary research will be used. Moreover, the descriptive research method will be utilised. In this method, it is possible that the study would be cheap and quick. It could also suggest unanticipated hypotheses. Nonetheless, it would be very hard to rule out alternative explanations and especially infer causations. Thus, this study will use the descriptive approach. This descriptive type of research utilises observations in the study. To illustrate the descriptive type of research, Creswell (1994, p. 154) guided the researcher when he stated: Descriptive method of research is to gather information about the present existing condition.
Primary research is conducted using questionnaire surveys that are sent to the health administrators and patients. Here, the questionnaires will be used to collect quantitative data and the interviews will be used to provide qualitative insights into the data collected. Apparently, secondary data are based from the recent literatures related to smoking, alcoholism, and alcoholic recovery program.
As stated above, this research will partially base its findings through quantitative research methods because this permits a flexible and iterative approach. During data gathering the choice and design of methods are constantly modified, based on ongoing analysis. This study will also employ qualitative research method because it will try to find and build theories that will explain the relationship of one variable with another variable through qualitative elements in research. Through this method, qualitative elements that do not have standard measures such as behaviour, attitudes, opinions, and beliefs within the health institution domain will be analyzed.
Auslander, W. F., Bubb, J., Rogge, M. & Santiago, J. V. (1993). “Family Stress and Resources: Potential Areas of Intervention in Children Recently Diagnosed with Diabetes.” Health and Social Work, 18 (2), 101.
Ben-Sira, Z. (1991). Regression, Stress, and Readjustment in Aging: A Structured, Bio-Psychosocial Perspective on Coping and Professional Support. New York: Praeger Publishers.
Bray, R. M., Fairbank, J. A. & Marsden, M. E. (1999). “Stress and Substance Use among Military Women and Men.” American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 25 (2), 239.
Creswell, J.W. (1994) Research Design: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage, 1994.
Maverson, D. E. (1994). “Interpretations of Stress in Institutions: The Cultural Production of Ambiguity and Burnout.” Administrative Science Quarterly, 39 (4), 628.
Orth-Gomér, K. (Ed.) (1998). Women, Stress and Heart Disease. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Winters, R. W., McCabe, P. M., Green, E. J. & Schneiderman, N. (2000). "Stress Responses, Coping, and Cardiovascular Neurobiology: Central Nervous System Circuitry Underlying Learned and Unlearned Affective Responses to Stressful Stimuli". Taken from Field, T., Schneiderman, N. & Wellens, A. R. (Eds.), Stress, Coping and Cardiovascular Disease. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
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