THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON STUDENT LEARNING
Category : Education, Education Issues
IMPACT OF SOCIAL MEDIA ON STUDENT LEARNING
Social media, indeed, has an impact on student learning. Impact can either be positive or negative.
Social media has an impact on a student’s sense of identity and belongingness to a community. Students said they feel more connected to their peers and families. Students who use social media are likely to feel that they are liked by their “friends” and to include themselves more on the school’s extracurricular activities. Social media websites are also used by students to express themselves.
From an educational viewpoint, social media is also a learning tool for students as the school is also a social institution composed of different individuals interacting with each other in an academic setting. The kind of learning gained from social media is more on self-initiated learning wherein each user constructs a practice of support and information by creating and sustaining individual links. Students ask for feedback from their “friends” and in the process, improve themselves.
In social media, students are furnished with a tool to express their feelings and ideas, establish different relationships, and to communicate with other people regardless of location or time. They can even know about their school by including themselves in a school network environment.
Based on the educational theory of Bandura, it is how the learner interacts with contemporaries and how the learner reacts to situational environments that realize learning results. This is characterized by acculturation and being accepted socially.
Behavior online can affect academic success as information and support from contacts are created. Students need an outlet to vent their emotions freely which are essential to a student’s mental and emotional health as towards improvement on academic performance.
According to the studies done by Morrow, Steinfield and Treisman, students who use online social media are more physically and emotionally healthy, and more likely to achieve academic success.
Students attain an attitude and knowledge through social media. It has the potential to promote a student’s socialization at school and achieving social acceptance. A learner’s adjustment at school and his or her socialization have a considerable impact on how well they will perform in an academic setting.
A study made by Sanchez, Bauer and Paronto shows that students who receive peer teaching and encouraging support are more satisfied, happier and more fulfilled in their school life. The interactional relationships that have been fostered serve as social capital that will smooth the progress of the development of their skills and enhance academic performance.
On the other hand, it is found out that students who use social media excessively cannot focus in classroom discussions. While the teachers are explaining the subject, some students chat on-line which gives rise to disciplinary issues at school.
Homeworks are sometimes not done or not done on time. Furthermore, the quality of their homework is deteriorating because students tend to finish their assignments as fast as they can regardless of the outcome just so they will have more time to connect to a social media.
Students who are online on a social media and doing schoolwork at the same time tend to have grades lower by around twenty percent than those students who concentrated more on their textbooks and studies.
Sometimes, it comes to a point that a student will prefer to interact with others on-line rather than interacting personally with their peers. Rather than experience socializing on a personal level, they prefer to go on-line which unconstructively affects their behavior and personalities.
Even with the proliferation of e-learning, it has not substituted the traditional classroom setting as a mode of learning. Moreover, mentors use web-based applications only as an addition to conventional mode of teaching. Since interpersonal and interactive relationships are essential parts of learning because these promote exchanges of knowledge and improves motivations, sole cause of learning cannot be attributed to any computer technology alone.
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