The Effect Of Industrialization On The Environment
Category : Environmental Study, Globalization, Industrial Relations Topics, Technological Change, Technology Essays
The Effect of Industrialization on the Environment
The global industrialization has been growing so fast in recent years that caused many stresses to the environment at large. It has been the main cause of air pollution, water shortages, contamination of potable water, as well as it causes marine pollution, deforestation and the worst thing above all it caused climatic disasters in all parts of the world. Nowadays, environmental problems have been seriously threatened the well-being of man. In this regard, the Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) reported that East Asia fails to accomplish a sustainable region; for its environment does not sustain the present economic development for a long term period. As a result, ecological strategies and approaches must be taken immediately to preserve the land’s productivity and stability while the society is moving towards industrialization. This study suggests that various agencies must do their share of using their resources in order to preserve the main essential ecological areas of the environment like forests, they are the foundations for the terrestrial ecosystem, including flood control, water resources, and climate; the coastal wetland is the base for the marine ecosystem. Secondly, the agricultural farms are also one of those important foundations for the production of food for man. Thirdly, bodies of water and coastal areas are equally important because they are the marine resources as well as and marine products and food for the people. All of the above play a very crucial role in the survival of man in the earth. Thus, various industries must do their responsibility to sustain their environment, and must set their boundaries on how much land they would only utilize for industrialization, manufacturing and recreation. By doing this, environmental pollution due to urban activities and gradually damage the environment can be minimized tremendously. The development of environmental resources and energy must be limited to the level that the environment would not be damaged or taken for granted.
Furthermore, the emission and fuel combustion have even greater threats to the mother earth, and this is the very reason that man is experiencing today different calamity disasters. Due to collective chemicals that the earth’s ozone layer acquired for numerous decades now, it is already depleting. Subsequently, deforestation, same thing with fertilizer used for this activity, so as to the fuel combustion is all contributors to the major deterioration of the ozone layer. Not to mention the worst effects of those chemicals from many factories such as chlorofluorocarbons, halons, carbon tetrachloride, methyl chloroform, methyl bromide and hydrochloro flouro carbons. All these strong chemicals have the capacity to turn into chlorine and bromine in the upper stratosphere when they react with the sun's rays. It is important to know that chlorine eats up the ozone layer while bromine as a catalyst speeds up reaction. According to the medical study, the depletion of the ozone layer has a great threat to man’s health and all other living things in the earth because if the ozone layer will be totally damaged, mankind will be exposed to excessive UV rays that may cause serious diseases to man such as skin diseases and cancer, so as eye diseases that may lead total blindness. Hence, prolonged exposure of man to extreme UV exposure can gradually weaken the human immune system. Humans’ inhalation of chemicals directly harms them in various ways. Medical experts say that carbon dioxide when inhaled by man may affect the normal level of his blood’s hemoglobin that blocks needed oxygen to flow into various human tissues. The same thing goes with the plants and animals; they also suffer the same symptoms as humans do. Apparently, the severe consequences of industrialization may even lead to destruction of the inhabitants of the earth.
Consequently, the excessive process of industrialization in every part of the world has seemingly started to alter the world climate condition through “global warming process or the “green house effect”. Chemicals that are believed that greatly contributed to the green house effect are carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, halogen gases and CFCs. Again, these chemicals cause the climate change to increase because they trap the sun’s heat in the atmosphere, and this condition may even last to century. Therefore, the contribution of man to the pollution problem to the entire environment may certainly lead to put the world out of balance. Many scientists strongly believed that by 2100, carbon dioxide accumulation in the ozone layer will be doubled that causes global warming to rise even higher degrees of heat. In this connection, ocean and sea levels may continue to rise up to eight centimeters after few more decades.