Different Ethical Issues Faced by the Global Software Companies
1.0 Area of Investigation
The paper intends to investigate the different ethical issues currently being faced by the global software companies. With this, the paper will discuss an overview of the dynamics of ethics as applied to global business particularly the software industry. A Porter’s five forces analysis of the global software industry will be include. Ethical conflicts that will be identified will be critically analysed. Why ethical dilemmas as committed and how these ethical issues affect the operation of global software companies will be also determined. To reflect Hong Kong’s software industry, how ethical conflicts affecting the economy of Hong Kong will be also discussed. Further, the paper will cover different recommendations as to what global software companies can do to combat these ethical issues will be also discussed. Various strategies to resolve the ethical conflicts will be provided.
2.0 Aims of the Investigation
The main aim of the investigation is to explore the different ethical dilemmas faced by the global software industry and how the global software companies are affected by these ethical dilemmas. In lieu with this, the following specific objectives will be addressed:
- To explore the dynamics of ethical conflicts the global software industry is facing
- To determine the motivations behind the committing of different ethical conflicts
- To establish different strategies to resolve ethical conflict
- 3.0 Sources to be Used
Majority of the research will incorporate secondary data. Secondary data review and analysis will be the main data collating technique. It refers to the evaluation of data and information gathered for the purpose of the research. A cost-efficient gathering technique, secondary data review and analysis could provide broader understanding of specific occurrences. The study is basically library-based, drawing on the contents from published articles. Sources of data will be books and journals, theses and related studies, official statistics, and magazines and newspapers. Basically, interpretation will be conducted which can account as qualitative in nature.
The content of secondary materials will be subjected to content analysis in order to digest and extract the most relevant information. Qualitative data analysis will be used to collect relevant themes from the analyzed data and categorize them accordingly. From those themes, the study will develop insights regarding the subject.
4.0 Evidences to Support the Investigation
The software industry is generally integrated in the global business wherein the diffusion of technology hence information or knowledge is made more apparent. Having said this, there are certain areas where exploitation and manipulation can occur. For this investigation, statistical evidences on the rate and extent of ethical conflicts occur will be collected. For those global software companies, the figures about the financial losses due to ethical issues will be included in the discussion. For the case of Hong Kong, insights on strategies pertaining to local responsiveness to combat the different ethical conflicts shall be also discussed. In this way, not only the investigation can show the effects of these ethical conflicts to a specific economy but also how such an economy is addressing the problem at the local level.
5.0 Global Business Management Theory
A framework is specifically designed for this investigation which will consider business ethics as its foundation. Business ethics refers to the ethical principles and moral or ethical problems that arise in a business environment. Ethics applies in all aspects of the business conduct and in return is relevant to the conduct of the individuals and organisations as a whole. Business ethics also applies with technology that considers two of the most significant inventions of the 20th century which are the technology and World Wide Web. Basically, with the advent of these inventions, it is now relatively easy to gain access to information.
Further, computer ethics will be also integrated in the discussion. Stamatellos (2007) defines computer ethics as the systematic study of the ethical and social impact of computers in the information society (p. 3). There are three theoretical approaches that focus on moral action that could be applied to the virtual society: virtue ethics – centers on the intentions of the moral agent, deontological ethics – deals with the moral action itself and utilitarian ethics – focus on the consequences of the action (pp. 6-7).
The investigation shall be divided into five chapters in order to provide clarity and coherence on the discussion. The first part of the dissertation will be discussing the background and context of global software industry operation and ethics. The second chapter shall be discussing the relevance of the study in the existing literature specifically about the different ethical conflicts of the 21st century. The third part of the study shall be discussing the methods and procedures used in the study such as the literature collection technique used. The fourth chapter shall be an analysis and discussion on the collected literatures. The last chapter shall comprise of three sections, the summary of the findings, the conclusions of the study, and the recommendations to resolve the ethical conflicts as experienced.
Conduct preliminary literature review
Research further literature
Conduct another literature review
Analyse collected secondary data
Draft findings chapter
Complete remaining chapters
Submit to tutor and await feedback
Revise draft and format for submission
Print, bind and submit
8.0 Preliminary Reference List
Aspray, W., Mayadas, F., Vardi, M. Y. (2000). Globalization and Offshoring of Software: A Report of the ACM Job Migration Task Force. Association of Computing Machinery.
Chissick, M. & Kelman, A. (2005). Electronic Commerce: Law and Practice. Sweet and Maxwell.
Clarke, S. (2007). End User Computing Challenges and Technologies: Emerging Tools and Applications. Idea Group, Inc. (IGI).
Kumar, V., Srivastava, J., Lazarevic, A. & Inc NetLibrary. (2005). Managing Cyber Threats: Issues, Approaches and Challenges. Springer.
Lancaster, G. (2001). Software Design and Development: Your Step by Step Guide to HSC Success. Pascal Press.
Salinger, L. M. (2005). Encyclopedia of White-Collar and Corporate Crime. (Vol. 2). London: Sage Publications, Inc.
Stamatellos, G. (2007). Computer Ethics: A Global Perspective. Jones and Bartlett Publishers.